Eishockey-WM Aktueller Spielplan & Ergebnisse zur Eishockey- Weltmeisterschaft aus Slowakei. Hier direkt zum Spielplan der Eishockey- WM !. Eishockey ist eine Mannschaftssportart, die mit fünf Feldspielern und einem Torwart auf einer etwa 60 m langen und 30 m breiten Eisfläche gespielt wird. Sp, Tore, P. 1. Biel, 13, , 2. Zug, 12, , 3. Bern, 11, , 4. SCL Tigers, 12, , 5. Ambri-Piotta, 12, , 6. Genf-Servette,
Stanley Cup The first recognised team, the McGill University Hockey Club, was formed in as hockey became the Canadian national sport and spread throughout the country.
International growth The sport migrated south to the United States during the s, and games are known to have taken place there between Johns Hopkins and Yale Universities in Ice Hockey Sochi Hockey Men.
Home nation ice hockey joy Canada's women go all the way to the ice hockey final where they meet their great rivals, the US.
Ice hockey highlights from Turin Enjoy the highlights of the men's and women's ice hockey tournaments in Turin! Salt Lake Ice Hockey Men Final Any team performing under the tutelage of the greatest ice hockey player the game has ever known understands that the pressure is on to win gold.
Watch the best scenes from their final round matches against the USA and Canada. Moritz , Canada defended its title obtained four years earlier.
In international competitions, the national teams of six countries the " Big Six " predominate: Of the 69 medals awarded all-time in men's competition at the Olympics, only six medals were not awarded to one of those countries or two of their precursors, the Soviet Union for Russia, and Czechoslovakia for the Czech Republic.
In the annual Ice Hockey World Championships , of medals have been awarded to the six nations. Teams outside the "Big Six" have won only five medals in either competition since All 12 Women's Olympic and 36 IIHF World Women's Championships medals have been awarded to one of these six countries, and every gold medal in both competitions has been won by either the Canadian national team or the United States national team.
In England, field hockey has been historically referred to as simply "hockey" and it is in historical references to field hockey that the name "hockey" first appears.
A form of this word was thus being used in the 16th century, though much removed from its current usage. According to the Austin Hockey Association, the word "puck" derives from the Scots Gaelic puc or the Irish poc to poke, punch or deliver a blow.
Stick-and-ball games date back to pre-Christian times. In Europe, these games included the Irish game of hurling , the closely related Scottish game of shinty and versions of field hockey including " bandy ball ", played in England.
It was played with a wooden curved bat called a colf or kolf , a wooden or leather ball and two poles or nearby landmarks , with the objective to hit the chosen point using the least number of strokes.
A similar game knattleikr had been played for a thousand years or more by the Scandinavian peoples, as documented in the Icelandic sagas. Polo has been referred to as "hockey on horseback".
I must now describe to you the game of Hockey; we have each a stick turning up at the end. We get a bung. There are two sides one of them knocks one way and the other side the other way.
If any one of the sides makes the bung reach that end of the churchyard it is victorious. British soldiers and immigrants to Canada and the United States brought their stick-and-ball games with them and played them on the ice and snow of winter.
In , John Franklin wrote "The game of hockey played on the ice was the morning sport" on Great Bear Lake during one of his Arctic expeditions.
A mids watercolour portrays New Brunswick lieutenant-governor Archibald Campbell and his family with British soldiers on skates playing a stick-on-ice sport.
In another British Army officer in Kingston, Ontario wrote, "Began to skate this year, improved quickly and had great fun at hockey on the ice. In the same era, the Mi'kmaq , a First Nations people of the Canadian Maritimes , also had a stick-and-ball game.
Canadian oral histories describe a traditional stick-and-ball game played by the Mi'kmaq, and Silas Tertius Rand in his Legends of the Micmacs describes a Mi'kmaq ball game known as tooadijik.
Rand also describes a game played probably after European contact with hurleys , known as wolchamaadijik. Early 19th-century paintings depict shinney or "shinny" , an early form of hockey with no standard rules which was played in Nova Scotia.
The number of players was often large. To this day, shinney derived from "shinty" is a popular Canadian  term for an informal type of hockey , either ice or street hockey.
Thomas Chandler Haliburton , in The Attache: Second Series published in imagined a dialogue, between two of the novel's characters, which mentions playing "hurly on the long pond on the ice".
This has been interpreted by some historians from Windsor, Nova Scotia as reminiscence of the days when the author was a student at King's College School in that town in and earlier.
While the game's origins lie elsewhere, Montreal is at the centre of the development of the sport of contemporary ice hockey, and is recognized as the birthplace of organized ice hockey.
Instead of a ball or bung, the game featured a "flat circular piece of wood"  to keep it in the rink and to protect spectators.
The goal posts were 8 feet 2. In , games played in Montreal were "conducted under the 'Hockey Association' rules";  the Hockey Association was England's field hockey organization.
In , The Gazette Montreal published a list of seven rules, six of which were largely based on six of the Hockey Association's twelve rules, with only minor differences even the word "ball" was kept ; the one added rule explained how disputes should be settled.
The number of teams grew, enough to hold the first "world championship" of ice hockey at Montreal's annual Winter Carnival in The McGill team won the tournament and was awarded the "Carnival Cup".
The positions were now named: Moritz, Switzerland; however, this is undocumented. The match was won by the Oxford Dark Blues, 6—0;   the first photographs and team lists date from Since , considered the th anniversary of the rivalry, teams of the two colleges play for the Carr-Harris Cup.
In , the Governor General of Canada , Lord Stanley of Preston whose sons and daughter were hockey enthusiasts , first attended the Montreal Winter Carnival tournament and was impressed with the game.
In , realizing that there was no recognition for the best team in Canada although a number of leagues had championship trophies , he purchased a silver bowl for use as a trophy.
By , there were almost a hundred teams in Montreal alone; in addition, there were leagues throughout Canada. Winnipeg hockey players used cricket pads to better protect the goaltender 's legs; they also introduced the "scoop" shot, or what is now known as the wrist shot.
William Fairbrother , from Ontario , Canada is credited with inventing the ice hockey net in the s. Left and right defence began to replace the point and cover-point positions in the OHA in In the United States, "ice polo", played with a ball rather than a puck, was popular during this period; however, by Yale University and Johns Hopkins University held their first ice hockey matches.
Soon afterwards, Chace put together a team of men from Yale, Brown , and Harvard , and toured across Canada as captain of this team.
Yale, led by captain Chace, beat Hopkins, 2—1. The Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace was founded in to govern international competition, and the first European championship was won by Great Britain in The sport grew further in Europe in the s, after ice hockey became an Olympic sport.
Many bandy players switched to hockey so as to be able to compete in the Olympics. As the popularity of ice hockey as a spectator sport grew, earlier rinks were replaced by larger rinks.
Most of the early indoor ice rinks have been demolished; Montreal's Victoria Rink, built in , was demolished in The Stannus Street Rink in Windsor, Nova Scotia built in may be the oldest still in existence; however, it is no longer used for hockey.
The Aberdeen Pavilion built in in Ottawa was used for hockey in and is the oldest existing facility that has hosted Stanley Cup games.
The oldest indoor ice hockey arena still in use today for hockey is Boston 's Matthews Arena , which was built in It has been modified extensively several times in its history and is used today by Northeastern University for hockey and other sports.
It was the original home rink of the Boston Bruins professional team,  itself the oldest United States-based team in the NHL, starting play in the league in today's Matthews Arena on December 1, Professional hockey has existed since the early 20th century.
By , the Western Pennsylvania Hockey League was the first to employ professionals. The IPHL, cut off from its largest source of players, disbanded in By then, several professional hockey leagues were operating in Canada with leagues in Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec.
The NHA would further refine the rules: After re-organizing as the National Hockey League in , the league expanded into the United States, starting with the Boston Bruins in Professional hockey leagues developed later in Europe, but amateur leagues leading to national championships were in place.
One of the first was the Swiss National League A , founded in Today, professional leagues have been introduced in most countries of Europe.
While the general characteristics of the game stay the same wherever it is played, the exact rules depend on the particular code of play being used.
Ice hockey is played on a hockey rink. During normal play, there are six players per side on the ice at any time, one of them being the goaltender, each of whom is on ice skates.
The objective of the game is to score goals by shooting a hard vulcanized rubber disc, the puck , into the opponent's goal net, which is placed at the opposite end of the rink.
The players use their sticks to pass or shoot the puck. Within certain restrictions, players may redirect the puck with any part of their body.
Players may not hold the puck in their hand and are prohibited from using their hands to pass the puck to their teammates, unless they are in the defensive zone.
Players are also prohibited from kicking the puck into the opponent's goal, though unintentional redirections off the skate are permitted.
Players may not intentionally bat the puck into the net with their hands. Hockey is an " off-side " game, meaning that forward passes are allowed, unlike in rugby.
Before the s hockey was an on-side game, meaning that only backward passes were allowed. Those rules favoured individual stick-handling as a key means of driving the puck forward.
With the arrival of offside rules, the forward pass transformed hockey into a truly team sport, where individual performance diminished in importance relative to team play, which could now be coordinated over the entire surface of the ice as opposed to merely rearward players.
The six players on each team are typically divided into three forwards, two defencemen, and a goaltender. The term skaters is typically used to describe all players who are not goaltenders.
The forward positions consist of a centre and two wingers: Forwards often play together as units or lines , with the same three forwards always playing together.
The defencemen usually stay together as a pair generally divided between left and right. Left and right side wingers or defencemen are generally positioned as such, based on the side on which they carry their stick.
A substitution of an entire unit at once is called a line change. Teams typically employ alternate sets of forward lines and defensive pairings when shorthanded or on a power play.
The goaltender stands in a, usually blue, semi-circle called the crease in the defensive zone keeping pucks from going in. Substitutions are permitted at any time during the game, although during a stoppage of play the home team is permitted the final change.
When players are substituted during play, it is called changing on the fly. A new NHL rule added in the —06 season prevents a team from changing their line after they ice the puck.
The boards surrounding the ice help keep the puck in play and they can also be used as tools to play the puck.
Players are permitted to " bodycheck " opponents into the boards as a means of stopping progress. The referees, linesmen and the outsides of the goal are "in play" and do not cause a stoppage of the game when the puck or players are influenced by either bouncing or colliding into them.
Play can be stopped if the goal is knocked out of position. Play often proceeds for minutes without interruption. When play is stopped, it is restarted with a " faceoff ".
Two players "face" each other and an official drops the puck to the ice, where the two players attempt to gain control of the puck.
Markings circles on the ice indicate the locations for the faceoff and guide the positioning of players. The three major rules of play in ice hockey that limit the movement of the puck: A player is "offside" if he enters his opponent's zone before the puck itself.
Under many situations, a player may not "ice the puck", shoot the puck all the way across both the centre line and the opponent's goal line.
The puck goes "out of play" whenever it goes past the perimeter of the ice rink onto the player benches, over the "glass," or onto the protective netting above the glass and a stoppage of play is called by the officials using whistles.
It also does not matter if the puck comes back onto the ice surface from those areas as the puck is considered dead once it leaves the perimeter of the rink.
Under IIHF rules, each team may carry a maximum of 20 players and two goaltenders on their roster. NHL rules restrict the total number of players per game to 18, plus two goaltenders.
In the NHL, the players are usually divided into four lines of three forwards, and into three pairs of defencemen. On occasion, teams may elect to substitute an extra defenceman for a forward.
The seventh defenceman may play as a substitute defenceman, spend the game on the bench, or if a team chooses to play four lines then this seventh defenceman may see ice-time on the fourth line as a forward.
A professional game consists of three "periods" of twenty minutes, the clock running only when the puck is in play. The teams change ends after each period of play, including overtime.
Recreational leagues and children's leagues often play shorter games, generally with three shorter periods of play. Various procedures are used if a tie occurs.
In tournament play, as well as in the NHL playoffs, North Americans favour sudden death overtime , in which the teams continue to play twenty-minute periods until a goal is scored.
Up until the — season regular season NHL games were settled with a single five-minute sudden death period with five players plus a goalie per side, with both teams awarded one point in the standings in the event of a tie.
With a goal, the winning team would be awarded two points and the losing team none just as if they had lost in regulation.
From — until —04, the National Hockey League decided ties by playing a single five-minute sudden death overtime period with each team having four skaters per side plus the goalie to "open up" the game.
In the event of a tie, each team would still receive one point in the standings but in the event of a victory the winning team would be awarded two points in the standings and the losing team one point.
The idea was to discourage teams from playing for a tie, since previously some teams might have preferred a tie and 1 point to risking a loss and zero points.
The only exception to this rule is if a team opts to pull their goalie in exchange for an extra skater during overtime and is subsequently scored upon an "empty net" goal , in which case the losing team receives no points for the overtime loss.
Since the —16 season, the single five-minute sudden death overtime session involves three skaters on each side.
Since three skaters must always be on the ice in an NHL game, the consequences of penalties are slightly different from those during regulation play.
If a team is on a powerplay when overtime begins, that team will play with more than three skaters usually four, very rarely five until the expiration of the penalty.
Any penalty during overtime that would result in a team losing a skater during regulation instead causes the non-penalized team to add a skater.
Once the penalized team's penalty ends, the number of skaters on each side is adjusted accordingly, with the penalized team adding a skater in regulation and the non-penalized team subtracting a skater in overtime.
This goes until the next stoppage of play. International play and several North American professional leagues, including the NHL in the regular season , now use an overtime period identical to that from 99—00 — 03—04 followed by a penalty shootout.
If the score remains tied after an extra overtime period, the subsequent shootout consists of three players from each team taking penalty shots.
After these six total shots, the team with the most goals is awarded the victory. If the score is still tied, the shootout then proceeds to a sudden death format.
Regardless of the number of goals scored during the shootout by either team, the final score recorded will award the winning team one more goal than the score at the end of regulation time.
In the NHL if a game is decided in overtime or by a shootout the winning team is awarded two points in the standings and the losing team is awarded one point.
Ties no longer occur in the NHL. The overtime mode for the NHL playoffs differ from the regular season.
In the playoffs there are no shootouts nor ties. If a game is tied after regulation an additional 20 minutes of 5 on 5 sudden death overtime will be added.
In case of a tied game after the overtime, multiple minute overtimes will be played until a team scores, which wins the match. In ice hockey, infractions of the rules lead to play stoppages whereby the play is restarted at a face off.
Some infractions result in the imposition of a penalty to a player or team. In the simplest case, the offending player is sent to the " penalty box " and their team has to play with one less player on the ice for a designated amount of time.
Minor penalties last for two minutes, major penalties last for five minutes, and a double minor penalty is two consecutive penalties of two minutes duration.
A single minor penalty may be extended by a further two minutes for causing visible injury to the victimized player. This is usually when blood is drawn during high sticking.
Players may be also assessed personal extended penalties or game expulsions for misconduct in addition to the penalty or penalties their team must serve.
The team that has been given a penalty is said to be playing "short-handed" while the opposing team is on a " power play ".
A two-minute minor penalty is often charged for lesser infractions such as " tripping ", " elbowing ", " roughing ", " high-sticking ", " delay of the game ", " too many players on the ice ", " boarding ", illegal equipment, " charging " leaping into an opponent or body-checking him after taking more than two strides , "holding", holding the stick grabbing an opponent's stick , "interference", " hooking ", " slashing ", "kneeing", "unsportsmanlike conduct" arguing a penalty call with referee, extremely vulgar or inappropriate verbal comments , "butt-ending" striking an opponent with the knob of the stick—a very rare penalty , "spearing", or " cross-checking ".
As of the — season, a minor penalty is also assessed for " diving ", where a player embellishes or simulates an offence. More egregious fouls may be penalized by a four-minute double-minor penalty, particularly those that injure the victimized player.
These penalties end either when the time runs out or when the other team scores during the power play. In the case of a goal scored during the first two minutes of a double-minor, the penalty clock is set down to two minutes upon a score, effectively expiring the first minor penalty.
Five-minute major penalties are called for especially violent instances of most minor infractions that result in intentional injury to an opponent, or when a "minor" penalty results in visible injury such as bleeding , as well as for fighting.
Major penalties are always served in full; they do not terminate on a goal scored by the other team. Major penalties assessed for fighting are typically offsetting, meaning neither team is short-handed and the players exit the penalty box upon a stoppage of play following the expiration of their respective penalties.
The foul of "boarding" defined as "check[ing] an opponent in such a manner that causes the opponent to be thrown violently in the boards"  is penalized either by a minor or major penalty at the discretion of the referee, based on the violent state of the hit.
A minor or major penalty for boarding is often assessed when a player checks an opponent from behind and into the boards. Some varieties of penalties do not always require the offending team to play a man short.
Concurrent five-minute major penalties in the NHL usually result from fighting. In the case of two players being assessed five-minute fighting majors, both the players serve five minutes without their team incurring a loss of player both teams still have a full complement of players on the ice.
This differs with two players from opposing sides getting minor penalties, at the same time or at any intersecting moment, resulting from more common infractions.
In this case, both teams will have only four skating players not counting the goaltender until one or both penalties expire if one penalty expires before the other, the opposing team gets a power play for the remainder of the time ; this applies regardless of current pending penalties.
Matt Lloyd is credited with inventing inline sledge hockey, and Great Britain is seen as the international leader in the game's development.
Inline hockey is a variation of roller hockey very similar to ice hockey , from which it is derived. Inline hockey is played by two teams, consisting of four skaters and one goalie, on a dry rink divided into two halves by a center line, with one net at each end of the rink.
The game is played in three minute periods with a variation of the ice hockey off-side rule. Icings are also called, but are usually referred to as illegal clearing.
Roller hockey, also known as quad hockey, international-style ball hockey, and Hoquei em Patins, is an overarching name for a roller sport that has existed since long before inline skates were invented.
This sport is played in over sixty countries and has a worldwide following. Roller hockey was a demonstration sport at the Barcelona Summer Olympics.
Also known as road hockey, this is a dry-land variant of ice and roller hockey played year-round on a hard surface usually asphalt. A ball is usually used instead of a puck, and protective equipment is not usually worn.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the sports. For other uses, see Hockey disambiguation. The Oxford Paperback Dictionary 4th ed.
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